门派与发展 History of Xin Wu Men Styles

门派与发展    /   History of Xin Wu Men Styles

Northern Systems:

  • Shanxi 7 Star Praying Mantis

Master Ren, Bai Chuan (founder) was born in 1858 in Shanxi province, China. He was raised in a well educated family where he was taught traditional Chinese medicine. At 15 he became a student of a Jiao Long Monk and learned Shanxi Mantis Kung Fu. He showed natural talent and quickly rose to be the best student the monks had ever taught. After mastering Shanxi Mantis he returned to his home village where he met Gong, Zhi Xi and Chen, Chiang who were famous masters in their respective styles. They became good friends and shared their knowledge of the different styles they had acquired. They combined the best aspects of their styles and kept the Mantis as the core. They tested power, foot stances and hand techniques to build up a style from single movements to entire foot stances and hand techniques to build up a style from single movements to entire forms with set foundations.

After developing the new style, master Ren returned to his former school to test his new Mantis style in a challenge match, which he won easily. Master Ren traveled extensively throughout China and met many masters practicing different kung fu styles with whom he tested his skill against. Everyone he met was impressed with the uniqueness of the style’s hand and footwork. Some even remarked that the footwork was as fast as the wind. That led to master Ren being nicknamed “crazy Ren”, because of the immense power and speed in his hand and footwork . Due to his reputation, he was sought after by many masters to have challenge matches which he never lost.

 To promote his style and knowledge of medicine he did many good deeds as healing the sick etc. His reputation made the style a very well known one in Shanxi and nearby neighboring provinces. He only started teaching the style in the 1930’s after a lifetime of refinement. He only accepted seven students and one of them was master Hou, Jiou Ru who taught the current grandmaster, master Li, Su Sen. Master Yang, Long Fei is a student of master Li and a 4thgeneration practitioner of Shanxi Ren Shi Seven Star Mantis. Master Ren taught famous generals in Hunan during his time. Master Li has been known to finish challenges rather quickly. This led to him earning him the name “shadow boxer”.

 

拳论              Description of the style 

        The style uses a lof of internal power which harmonizes with body, hand and footwork. The style also includes seven different weapons such as the whipping staff and mantis double broadswords. Because it is an internal style the opponents’ power is used against him. When attacking, the practitioner targets vital pressure points, making it a very effective style. The style even has its own proverb: “I know everybody, but nobody knows me”. There are seven aspects to the Seven Star Mantis:

1.       look

2.       hit

3.       move

4.       make use all opportunity (don’t waste time)

5.       step forward with the back leg following

6.       5 ways: soft, hard, sideways, forward acceleration, following

7.       six styles: eagle eyes, monkey hands, wolf stance, dog waist, dragon posture and explosiveness.

 

  • Ba Fa Quan  /  Eight Directions Power Form

Ba Fa Quan, or "8 Methods Fist" was created at the end of the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911), by the famous martial arts master Li Demao, leader of the Xinhai rebellion in Datong in Shanxi province. Li combined the best aspects of several other martial arts known as Tong Bei, Dan Tui, Fan Zi, Xing Yi, Cannon punch, and Bi Gua (wall hanging). The reason it's known as the Eight Method Fist is because the art emphasizes eight attacks, or eight methods. It incorporates fist, knife, sword and spear techniques and their corresponding forms. It is now popular in Datong in Shanxi Province, the Yuncheng area and also in Inner Mongolia. Because it draws on the essence of many different styles, strictly speaking, Ba Fa Quan can be called a comprehensive art. Its movements place emphasis on and uses 'chong' (a straight use of force), 'zuan' (drilling), 'guo' (wrapping), 'ning' (twisting with the body), 'pi' (slapping down), 'liao' (slapping up), 'hua' (deflecting force) and 'peng' (extending the body), so it is called Ba Fa Quan (Eight Method Fist). The structure of the movements is precise and simple, incorporates several variations of speed, combines attack with defense, and emphasizes practical movements. In performance, a relaxed use of force is required. It is compact and violent and can raise a person’s sensitivity and ability to react. Through speed and use of force it promotes the practitioner’s blood circulation and strengthens the spine. At the same time it's useful in real combat. Frequent practice of this style of Kung Fu can make the martial artist full of youthful energy and spirit. It is suitable for those who practice martial arts as a hobby and already posses a little foundation in martial arts. It is especially good for teenagers.

 

Although Ba Fa Quan already has a 100-year history, it was never spread across a broad area. The masters only taught in person, so the number of people who have really grasped all the forms of the art are very few. In order to protect this martial arts style from being lost, this book has been compiled. The book presents Ba Fa Quan (Eight Method Fist), Ba Fa Qiang (Eight Method Spear) and three Ba Fa Quan partner routines. Ba Fa Dao (Eight Method Knife) and Ba Fa Jian (Eight Method Sword) will be covered in another volume.

 

Ba Fa Quan techniques include punching, grabbing, intercepting, catching, kicking, sticking, dodging and shaking, along with the eight methods. Punching and catching are the primary techniques. Punching techniques are split into upper punch, middle punch, lower punch.

 

As mentioned earlier, you will learn 'chong' (a straight use of force), 'zuan' (drilling), 'guo' (wrapping), 'ning' (twisting with the body), 'pi' (slapping down), 'liao' (slapping up), 'hua' (deflecting force) and 'peng' (extending the body).